Using-Big-Data-to-Manage-Credit-Risk- Absolutdata

Can emerging technology help financial institutions cope with changing market conditions, regulations and consumer demands?

It’s no secret that the past decade has been a rocky one, financially speaking. For companies in the finance and banking sector, this means dealing with everything from irate consumers to stricter regulations. Managing credit risk — individually in determining an entity’s creditworthiness and organizationally by understanding how much risk a company can afford, given their current capital — has become more important than ever before.

It’s also become harder than ever. Here just four contributing factors:

  1. Emerging types of risk (cyber, model, contagion, etc.) will require new tools and techniques.
  2. The public has less tolerance for high risk, so institutions need to avoid even the appearance of making preventable errors.
  3. There is a need to reduce operating expenses, so costs involved in credit risk management must be kept manageable.
  4. Regulations have started or will start affecting more operations while also becoming more detailed and stringent.

To cope, financial companies will need to utilize technology and strategy. In this post, we’ll examine the current state of credit risk management. In the next, we’ll look at a real-life example of how one company is using Big Data to meet the challenge of risk management.

The Current State of Credit Risk Assessment

There are several ways that financial organizations are navigating today’s stressed and demanding market conditions. One of the most common is risk modeling, which can be performed using several methods:

  • Credit portfolio modeling, which assesses creditworthiness based on industry, geography, and credit grade (among other factors). These can be run on various scenarios, which allows businesses to simulate economic upturns and downturns and the impact of these conditions on credit portfolio values.
  • Credit ratings, which estimate how likely an entity is to repay (or default on) debt.
  • Limiting exposure by limiting the number of trades with an entity (counterparties, bond issuers, product types etc.). By blocking trades once entities have reached a predefined limit, the organization’s financial exposure is not overly influenced by any one entity.
  • Applying stress testing to models based on historical data — e.g. modeling the effects of shocks and other scenarios on historical data. This mitigates some of the drawbacks of using past data and allows businesses to test specific risk scenarios.

Why Credit Risk Management Is So Hard

Clearly, this is not a case of neglecting to use any safeguards. But there are problems with the current process. Inefficient data management means that the right data isn’t always available when it’s needed. There’s little support for modeling groupwide risk, leading to problems generating complex risk measurements. The available risk management tools don’t change parameters easily. There’s a lot of time and effort wasted in manually creating reports and re-grading portfolios (which may not get re-graded as much as they should).

A big factor in this logjam is the practice of putting risk management systems and data in different silos. But risk should be viewed holistically: credit risk affects enterprise risk, for example, and can also be a factor in calculating complex risk. And an integral part of managing risk is managing data.

An Enterprise-Level Approach to Risk Management

This brings us neatly back to the opening question: Can data analytics help solve this problem?

Many financial firms believe that an investment in Big Data is indeed the way forward. Data analytics provides the nimble, customizable approach to risk management that is now so necessary. Plus, when backed by a rich pool of data, it can also supply the needed breadth of information.

Accurate financial forecasting depends on many factors; as we enter the next decade, it’s only going to get more complicated. Now is the time to start building the technological base needed to make better risk decisions faster and at lower costs. In the next post, we’ll look at a case where one company did just that.

Authored by Rahul Sood, Senior Manager, CRM at Absolutdata analytics and Paresh Banka, Consultant at Absolutdata analytics